Immersive Virtual Reality: A Paradigm Shift in Education and Training
Ryan Lohre, MD and Danny P. Goel, MD, MSC, FRCSC, AAOS Now, “Immersive Virtual Reality: A Paradigm Shift in Education and Training”, January 2020.
The training of both aspiring and established surgeons remains rooted in the historic model of mentorship coupled with direct learning on patients. Yet, beyond the classic Halstedian “see one, do one, teach one” method of learning, there are other well-researched learning methods that virtual reality supports. Applying computing power and modern, highly realistic graphics creates an immersive operating environment that affords repetition of procedures with infinite variability. Trainees test their skills, make mistakes, accept feedback, reflect, and then repeat until they achieve proficiency. This has the potential for more rapid and efficient learning gained through greater experience, creating an accelerated path to mastery.