Improvement in Translational and Nontechnical Skills with VR
A recent study investigated the validity and efficacy of immersive virtual reality training for orthopaedic resident education, via a multicenter, blinded, randomized controlled trial. A resident group of 10 senior orthopaedic residents and an expert group of fellowship-trained and experienced shoulder arthroplasty surgeons participated. The study compared immersive VR with traditional learning (via a technical journal article), using glenoid exposure as the test procedure. Training effectiveness was determined by Objective Structured Assessment of Surgical Skills (OSATS) scores, a laboratory metric, verbal answers, and task-completion time. Among the orthopedic residents, the immersive VR immersive VR group completed the learning activity and knowledge tests significantly faster for a reduction in learning time of 570%. Results among both resident and experts demonstrated the validity of immersive VR in terms of realism, the teaching content and construct applied, and skills transference.